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Alternative Fuel Vehicles


Summary: Number of alternative-fuel vehicles and estimated consumption by weight class, vehicles type, engine configuration, and user group

This database contains the number of alternative-fuel vehicles and estimated consumption for all states by weight class, vehicles type, engine configuration, and user group.  Fuel consumed is expressed in thousands of gasoline equivalent gallons (geg).  Data are available in some cases for some states that are not specified.  

  • Light duty vehicles include on-road vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating equal to or less than 8,500 pounds.  Automobiles, motorcycles, minivans, SUVs and other small pickups fall into this category.
  • Medium duty vehicles include on-road vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating between 8,501 and 26,000 pounds. Some larger cargo vans, pickup trucks and maintenance trucks fall into this category.
  • Heavy duty vehicles include those with a gross vehicle weight rating equal to or greater than 26,001 pounds. Transit buses and large delivery trucks fall into this category.
  • Engine configuration refers to whether the vehicle operates exclusively on alternative fuel (dedicated) or on a combination of alternative fuel and traditional fuel (e.g., bi-fueled, flexible fueled).

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Geographic Coverage: States

Periodicity: Annually

Series Begins/Ends: 2003 - 2014

Data Source: U.S. Energy Administration

Updated:  Dec. 28, 2016 Next update: Dec. 30, 2017

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